Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics promise tremendous benefit but are accompanied by an array of legal, safety, and ethical concerns. These fields of research are already beginning to transform every sector of modern life. According to a 2017 report from PricewaterhouseCoopers, AI-driven GDP growth worldwide will be $15.7 trillion by 2030. As we reap the benefits and productivity gains of AI and robotics, how can we minimize risks and undesirable societal impacts through engineering, ethics, and oversight?